India has imposed an anti- dumping duty on 93 products including chemicals and machinery items imported from China. The other Chinese products on which India has imposed this duty include steel and other metals; fibers and yarns; rubber and plastic; electric and electronics; and consumer goods. In addition, 40 cases concerning imports from China have been initiated by the Directorate General of Anti-Dumping & Allied Duties.
India's exports to China include iron ore, cotton yarn, petroleum products, copper and chemicals, while imports include telecom instruments, electronic components, computer hardware, industrial machinery and chemicals.
Countries impose anti-dumping duties to guard domestic industry from a surge in below-cost imports. Anti-dumping steps are taken to ensure fair trade and provide a level playing field to the domestic industry. They are not a measure to restrict imports or cause an unjustified increase in cost of products. India’s imports from China in 2016-17 have marginally dipped to $61.28 billion as compared to $61.7 billion in 2015-16.
India may impose an anti- dumping duty on castings for wind-operated power generators from China on the grounds the product has been exported to India from China at below normal value. Duties may also be imposed on a certain variety of Chinese pneumatic radial tires.